Fruit Tree Descriptions

We have created this page for a quick reference to descriptions of many of the fruit trees that we carry or have carried. Most of the descriptions provided are compliments of Dave Wilson Nursery, a leader in the fruit tree industry. The information provided is for personal use only. We hope the descriptions aid you in making a decision about the type of fruit tree you want in your yard. Also, please be aware that varieties listed below are not always available.


Fuji Apple

ANNA APPLE - Remarkable fruit for mild-winter climates in So. California, So. Arizona. Heavy crops of sweet, crisp, flavorful apples even in low desert. Fresh/cooked. Keeps 2 mos. in refrigerator. 200 hours. Self-fruitful or pollinated by Dorsett Golden or Einshemer. USDA Zones 5-10.

ARKANSAS BLACK APPLE - Large, late season. Dark red skin, high quality even where summer nights are warm. For dessert and cooking. Keeps many months. 800 hours. Partly self-fruitful.USDA Zones 5-9.

BRAEBURN APPLE -New, from New Zealand. Superb late season fruit: very crisp and tangy, more flavorful than Granny Smith. Excellent keeper. Green with dark red blush. October-November harvest. 700 hours (est.). Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.

EMPIRE APPLE - Sweet and juicy, sprightly flavor, a cross of McIntosh and Red Delicious. McIntosh-type apple for hot summer climates. Heavy bearing tree. Early fall harvest. Good pollenizer for Mutsu, Gravenstein, Winesap, Jonagold. 800 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.

FUJI APPLE - Introduction from Japan that quickly became California's favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russeted. Ripe mid-September. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Low chilling requirement - less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.

GALA APPLE (Original Gala) - Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish-orange over yellow. Early harvest, 2-3 weeks before Red Delicious. Good pollenizer for other varieties. Adapted to cold and warm-winter climates. Chilling requirement less than 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-10.

GOLDEN DELICIOUS APPLE - Long-time favorite for its sweetness and flavor. Reliable producer, adapted to many climates. Pollenizer for Red Delicious. Mid-season harvest (September in Central Calif.). 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.

GORDON APPLE - Popular variety for Southern Calif. Low chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Red over green skin, good quality. For fresh use and cooking. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 4144. USDA Zones 5-10.

GRANNY SMITH APPLE - From New Zealand. Large, late, green, all-purpose. Crisp, tart, excellent keeper. Requires long summer. Thrives in hot climates. 600 hours. Prolonged bloom: good pollenizer for other apples. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.

GRAVENSTEIN APPLE (Green Gravenstein) - Famous for sauce and baking, also used fresh. Crisp, juicy, flavorful, tart. Early bloom, early harvest. 700 hours. Pollen-sterile, pollenizer required: Empire, Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious.USDA Zones 2-9.

HONEYCRISP APPLE - Winter hardy tree from the University of Minnesota. Fruit is crisp and juicy with an aromatic flavor. Striped red over yellow color. Stores well. Ripens mid August. Pollenized by Gala, Granny Smith, Empire, McIntosh and Red Delicious.

JONAGOLD APPLE - Superb flavor - connoisseurs' choice. A cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious. Yellow with red-orange blush. Crisp, juicy, subacid, all-purpose. 7-800 hours. Pollinated by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith or Red Delicious, but not Golden Delicious.

MUTSU (CRISPIN) APPLE - A favorite of connoisseurs: very large, crisp and flavorful. Late September/October harvest. Pick when green or wait until partly yellow. Large, vigorous tree resists powdery mildew. 500 hours. Pollenizer required: Red Delicious, Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala.

PINK LADY APPLE(Cripps Pink) - New hot climate apple from Western Australia. Very crisp, sweet-tart, distinct flavor, good keeper. Skin reddish-pink over green when ripe. White flesh resists browning. Harvest begins late October in Central CA, about three weeks after Fuji. Self-fruitful. 4-500 hours. Pat.No. 7880. USDA Zones 6-9.

PINK PEARL APPLE - Unusual pink-fleshed, highly aromatic fruit. Medium size, cream and pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Tart to sweet-tart, depending on time of picking. Early fall harvest. Good keeper. Makes colorful, tasty applesauce. Early, profuse, pink blossoms in spring. 600 hours. Pollenizer required.

RED DELICIOUS APPLE (Bisbee Spur) - Sweet, crisp, flavorful - perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollinated by Liberty, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala.

RED DELICIOUS BISBEE SPUR APPLE - Sweet, crisp, flavorful - perhaps the best Red Delicious. Early fall. Small, compact tree. Good pollenizer for most other apples. 700 hours. Pollinated by Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, or Golden Delicious.

RED FUJI APPLE - Redder-skinned bud sport of Fuji. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Ripe September-October in Central Calif. Excellent pollenizer for other apple varieties. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.

SIERRA BEAUTY APPLE - Favorite late apple in No. Calif. Yellow with red blush, rich sprightly flavor, moderately sweet. Excellent fresh or cooked. Good keeper. 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.

SPITZENBURG APPLE - Old variety, regarded by some connoisseurs as the very best dessert apple. Red over yellow skin, yellowish flesh. Firm, juicy, moderately sweet, renowned flavor. Good keeper. 800 hours. Pollenizer required.

WHITE WINTER PEARMAIN APPLE - High quality, all-purpose apple - an old favorite, especially for fresh use. Widely adapted, including California's mild-winter coastal climates. Medium to large size, round to oval shape, pale yellow skin with dull red blush. Cream-colored flesh is fine-grained, crisp, juicy and aromatic with a rich, subacid to sprightly flavor. September/October harvest, good keeper. Healthy, vigorous, spreading, heavy-bearing tree. Excellent pollinator for other apples. Believed to be the oldest known English apple, dating back to 1200 A.D. Low winter chilling requirement, about 400 hours. Self-fruitful.

WINESAP APPLE - Long-time favorite late red apple. Juicy, smooth texture. Lively flavor, used fresh or cooked. 800 hours. Pollenized by Red or Golden Delicious, Fuji, Gala, Liberty.

YELLOW NEWTON PIPPIN APPLE - Yellow-green, late, firm, crisp, slightly tart, superb flavor. For peak flavor and acid/sugar balance, wait to harvest til cheeks are blushed yellowish-green (late Oct./early Nov. in Central Calif.). Good keeper. Famous for cooking, excellent fresh or dried. Vigorous tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

YORK APPLE (York Imperial) One of the very best apples for keeping: in a cool location, it holds its flavor til April or May. Fine quality for dessert use, excellent for baking and cider. Greenish-yellow skin with light red blush and stripes to nearly fully red, occasionally russeted at either end. Very firm, coarse, yellow flesh is crisp, juicy and slightly aromatic, with a semi-sweet flavor. Medium to large size, many fruits having a characteristic lopsided, rectangular shape. At its best on heavier clay soils. Discovered near York, Pennsylvania; first propagated prior to 1830. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.



AUTUMN GLO APRICOT - Late season apricot with tremendous flavor. Ripens in the first two weeks of August. Fruit is medium sized with good color. One of the highest scoring apricot varieties to date at Dave Wilson Nursery blind fruit tastings.USDA Zones 7-9.

BLENHEIM (ROYAL) APRICOT - All-purpose freestone, sweet, aromatic, flavorful. Long-time No. 1 apricot in California. Early bloom. Late June harvest in Central Calif. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

CANADIAN WHITE BLENHEIM - Taste test winner! One of all-time top scoring apricots in Dave Wilson Nursery blind taste tests. Syrupy sweet white flesh with firm texture. 500-700 hours. Partly self-fruitful: biggest crops if cross-pollinated by other apricot.

HARGLOW APRICOT - Late-blooming, productive tree, proven in coastal Northwestern climates. Medium size, bright orange fruit sometimes blushed red. Orange freestone flesh is firm, sweet, flavorful. Resistant to perennial canker and brown rot, resists cracking. Originated in Ontario, Canada. Introduced in 1982. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.USDA Zones 5-9.

MOORPARK APRICOT - Long-time favorite of apricot fanciers for its exceptionally rich flavor and aroma. Reliable producer. Used fresh and for canning. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.

PUGET GOLD APRICOT - Proven producer of large, flavorful fruit in Western Washington. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Harvest early August. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 6-9.

TILTON APRICOT - No. 1 apricot for canning, excellent fresh or dried as well. Medium to large, firm, rich flavor - one of the best. Widely adapted. Early July in Central Calif. 600 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.

TOMCOT APRICOT - A consistently productive apricot variety. Large, orange fruit with firm, sweet flesh. Early harvest, 2-3 weeks before Wenatchee Moorpark. Originated at Prosser, WA, introduced in 1989. 500 hours. Partly self-fruitful; biggest crops if cross-pollinated by another apricot. Pat. No. 7034. USDA Zones 4-9.

WENATCHEE MOORPARK APRICOT - Long-time favorite in western OR & WA. Recommended for other western climates where spring rains and frosts limit apricot culture. Flavorful fruit used fresh, dried, canned. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.


Tango Mandarin

BING CHERRY - Large, firm, juicy, sweet, nearly black when ripe - superb flavor, the No. 1 cherry. Mid-season. Large vigorous tree. 700 hours. Poll. by Black Tart, Van, Rainier. Also Stella in colder climates.USDA Zones 5-9.

BLACK TARTARIAN CHERRY - Medium-sized, nearly black, sprightly flavor, early season. Vigorous, productive tree. 700 hours. Pollenizer required -interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries.

CRAIG'S CRIMSON CHERRY - Taste test winner. Self-fruitful, natural semi-dwarf cherry. Dark red to nearly black, medium to large size, wonderful spicy flavor, very firm texture. Mature tree size about 2/3 of standard (smaller when budded onto Colt or Mahaleb rootstock). Mid-season. 500 - 600 hours. Pat. No. 7320. USDA Zones 5-9.(Zaiger)

ENGLISH MORELLO SOUR CHERRY - Late-ripening tart cherry for cooking, sometimes eaten fresh when fully ripe. Dark red to nearly black fruit with dark juice. Small, round-headed tree with drooping branches(easy to harvest). European origins obscure, introduced to America prior to 1862. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.

LAMBERT CHERRY - Large, black, late harvest. Highest quality, rivaling Bing. Less susceptible to cracking due to later season. 800 hours.Pollinated by Van, Rainier, or Black Tartarian. USDA Zones 5-9.

LAPINS CHERRY -Self-fruitful, dark red sweet cherry from Canada. Large, firm, good flavor. Similar to Van in color, Stella in shape. Sometimes sold as "Self-fertile Bing." Ripens 4 days after Bing. 500 hours. USDA Zones 5-9.

MONTMORENCY SOUR CHERRY - Large, light red skin, yellow flesh. Perfect for cobblers, pies, etc. Extremely winter hardy. Very heavy bearing. 500 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 4-9.

RAINIER SWEET CHERRY - Large, yellow with red blush. Sweet and flavorful - superior to Royal Ann. Very cold hardy. Mid-season harvest. 700 hours. Pollenizer required -interfruitful with Van, Lambert, Black Tart, Bing. USDA Zones 5-9.

ROYAL RAINIER CHERRY - Large yellow cherry with slightly more red blush than Rainier. Excellent flavor, taste test winner. Ripens early, about 3-5 days ahead of Rainier. Chill requirements 500 hours. Pollenized by Bing, Black Tartarian, and Lapins. USDA Zones 5-9.

STELLA CHERRY - Self-fruitful - no pollenizer needed. Large, nearly black, richly flavored sweet cherry similar to its parent, Lambert. Late harvest. 400 hours. Pollinates Bing, except in mild winter climates.

SUNBURST - Stella x Van. Large, dark-skinned sweet cherry similar to Stella. Resists cracking. Ripens midseason, about with Bing and Van. From Summerland, British Columbia. Introduced in 1983. 800 hours. Self fruitful.

UTAH GIANT CHERRY - The industry favorite sweet cherry in Utah. Larger, firmer, more flavorful than Bing or Lambert. Good canner. Does not double. 800 hours. Pollenizer required - Bing, Lambert, Rainier, Van. USDA Zones 5-9.

VAN CHERRY Very cold hardy, reliable, heavy bearing. Fine fruit similar to Bing, though usually smaller. 700 hours. Pollenizer required - interfruitful with all popular sweet cherries. USDA Zones 4-9.



BLACK JACK FIG - Large, purplish-brown figs with sweet, juicy, strawberry-red flesh. Harvest August to October in Central California. Naturally small (semi-dwarf) tree. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-10.

BLACK MISSION FIG - The favorite. Purplish-black skin, strawberry- colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.

BROWN TURKEY (IMPROVED) FIG - Large, brown skin, pink flesh. Sweet, rich flavor, used fresh. Widely adapted - coast or inland climate. Small tree, prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.

CELESTIAL FIG - Purplish-brown skin, pink flesh. Widely adapted. Two crops per year - early summer and late summer to early fall. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.

CONADRIA FIG - Light greenish-yellow skin, pink flesh. Not as sweet as Kadota, but resists spoilage. Fresh/dried. Very vigorous, long-lived tree. Heavy crops coast or inland. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.

JANICE SEED-LESS KADOTA FIG - `White' fig. Large, sweet, delicious, light greenish-yellow fruit with practically no seeds. Prolonged harvest, August through November at Fremont, Calif. Suited to coastal and inland climates. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. Patent No. 08254.

KADOTA FIG - Large, light greenish-yellow 'white' skin, amber flesh. Long-lived,vigorous. Prune to any shape. Very sweet fruit needs hot weather to ripen. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.USDA Zones7-9.

KING FIG (DESERT KING) - Light green 'white' skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh-eating quality. Large breba (spring) crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winter pruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-9.

OSBORNE PROLIFIC FIG - Large fruit with very attractive purplish-brown skin, amber pulp. Especially pleasing flavor. Long-time favorite in cool coastal areas, excellent inland as well. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self- fruitful.

PANACHE (TIGER) FIG - Especially fine flavor! Small to medium sized fruit, green in color with yellow "tiger" stripes. Strawbery pulp is blood-red in color. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.

VIOLETTE DE BORDEAUX FIG - Small to medium size purple-black fruit with a very deep red strawberry pulp, a distinctive sweet rich flavor. Brebas are pear shaped with a thick, tapering neck; main crop figs are varieable often without neck. Excellent fresh or dried. Good for container culture or small spaces. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.

WHITE GENOA FIG - Old varity, a favorite in cool coastal areas -also excellent inland. Greenish-yellow skin, amber flesh, distinctive flavor. Prune to any shape. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 7-9.



LANG JUJUBE - Also called "Chinese date". Pear-shaped fruits are reddish-brown, dry, wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy-to-grow tree: hardy, drought-resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Low chilling requirement. Pollinated by Li or other jujubes. USDA Zones 5-10.

LI JUJUBE Also called "Chinese date". Round-shaped fruits are larger than Lang. Reddish-brown, dry and wrinkled, sweet and chewy (like dates) when fully ripe in early Fall. Attractive, easy-to-grow tree: hardy, drought-resistant, virtually pest and disease free. Requires long, hot summer. Low chilling requirement. Self-fruitful. USDA Zones 5-10.



ARCTIC BLAZE WHITE NECTARINE - Taste test winner. One of the best of the new low acid white nectarines: rich flavor and firm texture in early season, very sweet when soft ripe. Large size, red and creamy white skin. Harvest mid to late-August in Central California, after Arctic Queen white nectarine. Tested as 121LB410. Estimated chilling requirement 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 10174.

ARCTIC GLO WHITE NECTARINE - Exciting new sprightly-sweet, early season white-fleshed nectarine. High-scoring in taste tests: nice balance of sugar and acid, very appealing flavor. Highly recommended for home orchards. Late June/early July in Central Calif. 400-500 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 7884. (Zaiger)

ARCTIC JAY WHITE NECTARINE - Taste test winner: best of all fruits at the Dave Wilson Nursery blind fruit tasting held July 5, 1996.' Very attractive, firm, freestone fruit is richly flavored, with a balance of acid and sugar. Ripens between Arctic Glo and Heavenly White white nectarines. 800 hours. Self fruitful. Patent pending. (Zaiger)

ARCTIC QUEEN WHITE NECTARINE - Delicious, super-sweet white nectarine, very similar to Arctic Rose, but ripening 3-4 weeks later (early August in Central Calif.). Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe - extremely sweet when soft ripe. High-scoring in taste tests. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 8094. (Zaiger)

ARCTIC ROSE NECTARINE -Delicious, super-sweet, white nectarine. Very high-scoring in taste tests. Rich flavor and nice crunchy texture when firm ripe-extremely sweet when soft ripe. Harvest mid to late July in Central Calif. Highly recommended for home orchards. 600-700 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 7889. (Zaiger)

ARCTIC STAR WHITE NECTARINE - Earliest to ripen of the new low acid, super-sweet white nectarines. Rave reviews in trial tastings. Beautiful dark red skin, snow-white semi-freestone flesh. Ripens mid-June in Centeral California, 4-5 weeks ahead of Arctic Rose. Low winter chilling requirement, about 300 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 9332. (Zaiger)

DOUBLE DELIGHT NECTARINE - Sensational fruit consistently the best-flavored yellow nectarine--plus magnificent, double pink flowers. Dark red-skinned, freestone fruit is sweet, with unusually rich flavor--very high-scoring in taste tests. Heavy bearing tree. Harvest early to mid July in Central Calif. 650 hours. Self-fruitful.(Zaiger)

FANTASIA NECTARINE Popular, large, yellow freestone. Early harvest fruit is firm-ripe and tangy, later harvest is sweet, with rich flavor: high-scoring in taste tests. Late July/early August in Central Calif. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

FLAVORTOP NECTARINE - Firm, yellow freestone with excellent quality. One of the highest scoring nectarines varieties in DWN fruit tastings. One of the very best! Ripens in mid-July in Central California, between Independence and Fantasia.Susceptible to bacterial spot and tender to winter cold. Large showy blossoms. 650 hours. Self-fruitful.

HARKO WHITE NECTARINE - Sweet, firm, yellow, semi freestone. One of the highest scoring nectarines in DWN fruit tastings. Cold-hardy Canadian variety has showy, large, single pink flowers. Ripens with Redhaven Peach in early July in Central California. Tolerant of bacterial spot and brown rot. 800 hours Self-fruitful.

HEAVENLY WHITE NECTARINE - Consistently one of the highest-scoring fruits in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. (Three time taste test winner!) Very large, firm, white-fleshed freestone. Superb acid-sugar balance and rich, complex flavor - a connoisseur's delight. Dull red and cream-colored skin. Mid-July in Central Calif. 650 hours. Self-fruitful. (Zaiger)

LIZ'S LATE NECTARINE - Sprightly-sweet, intense, spicy flavor - the state of the art in fruit breeding. Overall score of 7.5 at the August 25, 1995 Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tasting - the highest for any yellow nectarine or peach to date. Late August/early September in Central Calif. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful. Patent No. 9437. (Zaiger)



ARCTIC SUPREME WHITE PEACH - Two-time taste test winner. Large, white flesh, nearly freestone when fully ripe. Red over cream colored skin. Sweet and tangy, fine delicate flavor, firm texture. Peak quality reached a short while after picking. Harvest late July/early August in Central Calif. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

BABCOCK WHITE PEACH - Long-time favorite white-fleshed freestone. Sweet and juicy, aromatic, low in acid. High-scoring in taste tests. Ripens mid-July in Central Calif. Widely adapted (low chill requirement, yet not early blooming). 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful.

BABY CRAWFORD PEACH - The best-flavored peach, according to CA. Rare Fruit Growers in the Santa Clara Valley area. Small, intensely flavored yellow freestone. Golden orange skin with slight blush. Harvest late July in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

CARNIVAL PEACH - Very late season yellow freestone. Large red-skinned fruit ripens late September to early October in central California. Vigorous, productive tree. Estimated chilling requirement 5-600 hours. Self-fruitful.

DONUT (Stark Saturn) WHITE PEACH - Also called Saucer or Peento Peach. Unique white-fleshed fruit with a sunken center (shaped like a doughnut). Sweet, with a mild flavor described by some as almond-like. Ripens late June/early July in Central Calif. Chilling requirements 200 - 300 hours. Self-fruitful.

ELBERTA PEACH - Famous yellow freestone. Classic, rich, peach flavor: high-scoring in taste tests. Use fresh, canned, cooked. Ripe late July/early August in Central Calif., up to 3-4 weeks later in colder climates. 600 hours. Self- fruitful.

ELEGANT LADY PEACH - Well-known fresh market peach. Large, firm, yellow freestone(bright red at pit). Red over yellow skin. High fruit tasting scores: excellent flavor, balanced sugar and acid. Harvest late July in Central California. Introduced about 1979. Chilling requirement 700-800 hours. Self-fruitful.

FAIRTIME PEACH Highly esteemed late season peach - one of the last to ripen(about six weeks after Elberta), and one of the best. Large, yellow freestone with distinctive, smooth, rich, peach flavor. Attractive yellow skin with bright red blush where exposed to sun. Used fresh and for freezing. Mid-September in Central Calif. Early bloom. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

FAY (LATE) ELBERTA PEACH Popular yellow freestone: juicy, moderately sweet, flavorful. Fresh/can/freeze/dry. Ripens 1-2 days later than Elberta in Central California (August 1st), but blooms earlier. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

FORTYNINER PEACH - Large yellow freestone, similar to its parent J.H. Hale. Excellent dessert quality. Ripens late July in Central CA., 1 week before Fay Elberta. Chilling requirement 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

FROST PEACH - Resistant to peach leaf curl. Delicious yellow freestone. Slight red blush over greenish yellow to yellow skin. Heavy bearing, excellent for canning or eating fresh. July ripening. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

GOLD DUST PEACH - Best early season yellow peach: very high scores for flavor and overall appeal in Dave Wilson Nursery blind taste tests. Semi-freestone ripens mid to late June in Central Calif., 2-3 weeks ahead of Redhaven. All-purpose, superb for eating fresh. Not an early bloomer. 550 hours. Self-fruitful.

HALFORD CLING PEACH Large yellow canning cling, the leading commercial variety. Very good quality. Productive. Early September in Central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

INDIAN BLOOD CLING PEACH Large, late season canning peach. Red- skinned, red flesh, rich flavor. Blooms late, sets heavy crops. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

INDIAN FREE PEACH - Taste test winner, and one of the all-time highest rated fruits at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. large freestone, firm crimson and cream colored flesh. Tart until fully ripe, then highly aromatic with a rich, distinctive flavor. Highly resistant to peach leaf curl. Late season. 700 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollinate.

J.H. HALE PEACH - Old variety, still one of the best. Very large, firm, superb flavor. Fresh/canned. Ripe August 1st in Central Calif. Excellent frost hardiness. 800 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollinate.

JUNE PRIDE PEACH - Intensely flavored, highly colored yellow freestone. Perhaps the best-flavored peach for its season - July 1st in Central Calif. Excellent early peach for home orchards. 6-700 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 6747. (Zaiger)

JULY (KIM) ELBERTA PEACH - Also called Early Elberta. Reliable heavy crops. Juicy, sweet, very flavorful yellow freestone fruit for canning, freezing, or fresh use. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

NECTAR WHITE PEACH (Original Nectar) - One of the finest white peaches. Medium to large fruit with dark pink blush over a beautiful cream to pale green background. White freestone flesh, tinged with red, is sweet with exceptional flavor and aroma. Harvest three weeks before Elberta. Originated in Bakersfield, Calif., introduced in 1935. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

O'HENRY PEACH - Popular fresh market yellow freestone now available for home planting. Large, firm, full red skin, superb flavor. Ripens early to mid-August in Central Calif. Good for freezing. Strong, vigorous, heavy bearing tree. 750 hours. Self-fruitful.

ORANGE CLING PEACH - Large, yellow canning clingstone. Firm, juicy, distinct vinous flavor. Harvest late August in Central CA. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

Q-1-8 WHITE PEACH - Peach leaf curl-resistant variety, tested at the WSU research station at Mt. Vernon, Washington. In the Dave Wilson Nursery orchards, the white-fleshed, semi-freestone fruit is sweet and juicy like Babcock, with a more sprightly flavor. Harvest mid to late July in Central Calif. Showy blossoms. 7-800 hours. Self-fruitful.

REDHAVEN PEACH - World's most widely planted peach. High quality yellow freestone. Ripens erly July in Central CA. Frost hardy. Fresh/freeze. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

RIO OSO GEM PEACH - Favorite late yellow freestone. Large, sweet, rich flavor, like J.H. Hale. Fresh/freeze. Small tree Showy bloom. Mid-August in Central California. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

SATURN PEACH - Flowering/fruiting. Spectacular, large, dark-pink double blossoms. Yellow freeestone fruit is large, juicy, sweet, low in acid and has a fine flavor. Ripens mid-July in central California. Long-time favorite in southern California. Low chilling requirement: 250 - 300 hours. Self-fruitful.

SUNCREST PEACH - Large, very firm, fine-flavored, yellow freestone. Bright red skin over yellow. Suncrest is the peach immortalized by the book Epitaph for a Peach: four season on my family farm, by David Mas Masumoto(1995). Tree-ripe harvest late July in Central California. Frost hardy blossoms, consistent producer. Originated in Fresno, Calif. INtroduced in 1959. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

TRA-ZEE PEACH Delicious late season peach. Harvest mid August to early September in Central Calif. Firm, yellow freestone with very attractive dark red skin and excellent flavor. Highly recommended. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 6847. (Zaiger)

TRI -LITE PEACH x PLUM A popular variety at DWN fruit tastings. This white-fleshed peach/plum hybrid can be eaten firm. It has a mild, classic flavor with a wonderful plum aftertaste that makes this a a unique treat. Early ripening in June. Superior quality canning clingstone.



BARTLETT PEAR - World's most popular pear. Early mid-season, high quality, tolerates hot summers. 600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollinated by Bosc, D'Anjou, Winter Nelis.

BOSC PEAR - Long and narrow shape, brown skin. Superb quality, one of the best. Harvest late October. Fresh/cooked. Susceptible to fireblight in warm, moist climates. 500 - 600 hours. Pollinated by Bartlett or other pear.

COMICE PEAR - The gift pack pear. Sweet, aromatic, fine texture, superb flavor and quality - one of the best. Short neck, greenish-yellow skin with red blush. Late harvest. 600 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. or plant with Bartlett.

D'ANJOU PEAR - Large, short-necked, firm, good quality, keeps well. Harvest September 1st, one month after Bartlett in Central California. 600 hours. Pollinated by Bartlett.

KIEFFER PEAR - Medium to large late season fruit. Canning/cooking. Sprightly flavor, coarse texture. Resists fire blight, tolerates hot climates. Dependable crops. 200-300 hours. Self-fruitful.

SECKEL PEAR Connoisseurs' favorite. Sweet, flavorful, aromatic, spicy, perhaps the best. Russeted brown skin. Resists fireblight. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

SENSATION RED BARTLETT PEAR - High quality Bartlett-type fruit with attractive red skin. Relatively small tree. 700 hours. Self-fruitful in most climates of Western U.S. Elsewhere, pollinated by Bosc, D'Anjou, or other pear.

WARREN PEAR - Excellent quality dessert pear and highly resistant to fire blight. Medium to large, long-necked fruit with pale green skin, sometimes blushed red. Smooth flesh is juicy and buttery with superb flavor. Good keeper. Cold hardy to -20 degrees F. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.



COFFEECAKEâ„¢ PERSIMMON (Nishimura Wase) - Anxious Fuyu lovers, who await the fall harvest with great anticipation can now experience an expanded season of delectable persimmon flavors. CoffeeCake persimmon, pollinated by Fuyu, and ripening a month earlier, has a unique spicy-sweet flavor that instantly brings to mind images of cinnamon pastry, hot coffee and morning sunshine.

FUYU PERSIMMON - JIRO ("Apple Persimmon") Medium size, flat shape, still hard when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practically pest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self- fruitful.

GIANT FUYU PERSIMMON - Larger, not so flat as Fuyu. Crunchy when ripe like Fuyu. Sweet, flavorful, non-astringent. Easy to grow, cool or hot climates. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.

HACHIYA PERSIMMON - Large, deep orange-red, acorn-shaped. Hot summer required to mature the fruit. Sweet, flavorful, astringent til soft-ripe. Mature fruit can be frozen and thawed to ripen. Productive, ornamental. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.

IZU PERSIMMON - Very sweet, tasty, non-astringent fruit ripens about three weeks before Fuyu. Medium to large size, round shape. Relatively small tree, good choice for backyard persimmon. Sometimes difficult to start from bareroot. 100 hours. Self-fruitful.



BEAUTY PLUM - Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in coastal climates). Red overyellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central Calif. 250 hours. Self-fruitful.

BURGUNDY PLUM - Maroon-colored skin and semi-freestone flesh. Sweet, with little or no tartness and a very pleasing, mild flavor. High taste scores. Prolonged harvest, mid-July to mid-August in Central CA. Very productive. Narrow, upright habit. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.

CATALINA PLUM - Large, black, favorite fresh market plum. Sweet and juicy but still firm when fully ripe, with very little tartness at skin and pit. Very high taste test scores - one of the best plums for fresh-eating. Ripe late July in Central Calif. Vigorous, productive tree. 400 hours. Self-fruitful.

EMERALD BEAUT PLUM - One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at Dave Wilson Nursery. Light green skin, greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Harvest begins late August in Central Calif. Ripe fruit continues to sweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than any other stone fruit - two months or more! 6-700 hours. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa, Nubiana, Flavor King PluotR. Pat. No. 9162. (Zaiger)

FRIAR PLUM - Large, round, black skin, amber flesh. Harvest is prolonged - fruit is hard-ripe 4-5 weeks after Santa Rosa, but sweetest and most delicious several weeks later (mid to late August in Central Calif.). 400 hours. Self-fruitful or plant with Santa Rosa.

KELSEY PLUM - Large, firm, aromatic, rich flavor, keeps well. Low acid. Haert shaped, greenish-yellow thin skin, red blush. Small pit, freestone when ripe. Vigourous, heavy bearing tree. 400 hours. Pollinated by Santa Rosa, Beauty, or Wickson.

LARODA PLUM - Very high scores for flavor and overall appeal in Dave Wilson Nursery taste tests. Dark purple-skinned fruit with juicy, richly flavored red and amber flesh. Prolonged harvest: late July to late August in Central Calif., 5-6 weeks after Santa Rosa. 400 hours. Pollenizer required: Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, Burgundy, Nubiana.

LATE SANTA ROSA PLUM - Medium to large reddish-purple skin, red-streaked amber flesh. TArt-sweet with rich flavor when fully ripe. Harvest about one month after Santa Rosa. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

MARIPOSA PLUM ("Improved Satsuma") - Large, red-fleshed, sweet, juicy, firm, delicious. Small pit, nearly freestone. Mottled maroon over green skin. Use fresh or cooked. Harvest August. 250 hours. Pollinated by Catalina, Nubiana, or Santa Rosa.

NUBIANA PLUM - Purplish-black skin, amber flesh. Large, firm, flattened shape. Sweet, flavorful, very little tartness at skin or pit. Favorite fresh market fruit, excellent for home orchard. Late July. 4-500 hours. Self-fruitful.

SANTA ROSA PLUM - Most popular plum in California and Arizona. Juicy, tangy, flavorful. Reddish-purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Late June in Central Calif. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.

SATSUMA PLUM - Long-time favorite plum in California. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Sweet, mild, not tart. Excellent for jam. Harvest late July. 300 hours. Pollinated by Santa Rosa or Beauty.

SHIRO PLUM - Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy, moderately sweet with a pleasing mild flaovr. Bears reliably in many climates, including Western Oregon and California's northern coast. Late June/early July in Central Calif. 600 hours. Self-fruitful.

WICKSON PLUM - Large, heart-shaped greenish-yellow fruit. Very sweet, translucent flesh. Little or no tartness at skin or pit. Mid-season, three weeks after Santa Rosa. Partly self-fruitful, or pollinated by Kelsey or Santa Rosa. 500 hours. Self-fruitful.

Pluots, Apriums, and Pluerry


DAPPLE DANDY PLUOT(R) - Taste test winner. Ranks with Flavor King and Flavor Supreme PluotsR as best-flavored fruit at Dave Wilson Nursery tastings. Creamy white and red-fleshed freestone with wonderful plum-apricot flavor. Skin greenish-yellow with red spots, turning to a maroon and yellow dapple. August harvest in Central Calif. 4-500 hours. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme or Flavor King Pluot(R), Santa Rosa, Catalina or Burgundy Plum. Pat. No. 9254. (Zaiger)

DAPPLE SUPREME PLUOT - A new low-chill Pluot, Dapple Supreme derives its name from two of the best, Dapple Dandy and Flavor Supreme. With red dappled skin like Dapple Dandy and sweet red flesh like Flavor Supreme, Dapple Supreme is sure to please. 300 hours. Ripens Mid-June. Pollenized by Flavorosa Pluot (Zaiger)

FLAVOR GRENADE PLUOT(R) - Elongated green fruit with a red blush. Crisp texture and explosive flavor.. Taste-test winner. Hangs on the tree for 4 to 6 weeks. Pollenate with a Japanese plum. Estimated chill requirement: 500 to 600 hours. Patent No. 12097. (Zaiger)

FLAVOR KING PLUOT(R) - Taste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid with sensational bouquet and sweet, spicy flavor. Reddish-purple skin, crimson flesh. Harvest mid August in Central Calif. Naturally small tree. 5-600 hours. Pollinated by Flavor Supreme, Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa. Pat. No. 8026. (Zaiger)

FLAVOR QUEEN PLUOT(R) - Exquisite new fruit, a plum/apricot hybrid. Candy-like sweetness, wonderfully pleasing flavor. Greenish-yellow skin, amber-orange flesh. Prolonged harvest: mid-July thru August. 5-600 hours. Pollenized by Dapple Dandy or Flavor Supreme Pluot(R) or Santa Rosa plum. Pat. No. 7420. (Zaiger)

FLAVOR SUPREME PLUOT(R) - Taste test winner. Plum-apricot hybrid with sweet, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Greenish-maroon mottled skin. June harvest in Central Calif., about two weeks before Santa Rosa. 5-600 hours. Pollinated by Santa Rosa, Late Santa Rosa, or other Pluot(R). Pat. No. 6763. (Zaiger)

FLAVORICH PLUOT(R) - Large, dark purple-skinned fruits with firm, very sweet, yellow-orange flesh. Harvest begins late August/early September in Central California, 2-3 weeks after Flavor King PluotR. Vigorous, upright tree. Originated from a cross of Friar plum and an unnamed PluotR. 800 hours. Pollenizer required: another Pluot(R) such as Dapple Dandy or Flavor King, or a Japanese plum such as Santa Rosa or Late Santa Rosa. Pat. No. 8546. (Zaiger)

FLAVOROSA PLUOT(R) - Deep purple skinned fruit with red flesh. Mild sweet flavor. Ripens at the end of May. Pollinate with Japanese plum. 400 hours chill required. Pat No. 10285 (Zaiger).

GEO PRIDE PLUOT(R) - Red-skinned, yellow flesh plum/apricot hybrid, ranked in top five at both July and August fruit tastings in 1997. Balanced acid-sugar to predominantly sweet with unique plum-apricot flavor. Medium size, very heavy production. Harvest is mid-July to early August, just ahead of Flavor Queen Pluot. Estimated chilling requirement 500-600 hours. Pollinizer required. Good pollenizer for other plums and Pluots. Pat. No. 10386. (Zaiger)

COT-N-CANDY APRIUM(R) - White flesh apricot-plum hybrid. Medium sized with incredible flavor, very sweet and juicy. Ripens early to mid July. Self-fruitful. 400 hours. Pat#17827. USDA Zones 7-10. (Zaiger)

FLAVOR DELIGHT APRIUM(R) - Apricot-plum hybrid. Resembles an apricot but with a distinctive flavor and texture all its own. High taste-test scores - one of the most flavorful early season fruits. Early June. 600 hours. Self-fruitful, but biggest crops if pollinated by any apricot. Pat. No. 7090. (Zaiger)

LEAH-COT APRIUM(R) - Zaiger introduction - U.S. Plant patent #21863 - large size Aprium with deep orange color inside and out. Reliable annual bearer, high flavor and firm texture, ripens mid to late June. Self-fruitful, required chill 500 hours or less, best in USDA Zones 7 - 10.


French Prune

FRENCH IMPROVED PRUNE - California's commercial prune. Reddish-purple skin, dark amber flesh. Very sweet, high quality fruit - dessert/can/dry. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

ITALIAN PRUNE - Large, purple-skin, freestone. Rich flavor, very sweet when fully ripe. Fresh/dried/canned. Vigorous, cold hardy tree. Late bloom. Late summer harvest. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

STANLEY PRUNE -Large, dark blue skin. Juicy, sweet, delicious, greenish-yellow meaty flesh, freestone. Late summer harvest. Late blooming, extremely cold hardy and reliable. 800 hours. Self-fruitful.

SUGAR PRUNE - Reddish-purple skin, greenish-yellow flesh, very sweet. Used fresh and for canning. Lower chilling requirement than other European prune/plums. 550 hours. Self-fruitful.


Wonderful Pomegranate

AMBROSIA POMEGRANATE - Fantastically huge fruits: up to three times the size of Wonderful. Pale pink skin, purple sweet-tart juice, similar to Wonderful. Long-lived, any soil. Inland or coastal climate. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.

GARNET SASH POMEGRANATE - Vigorous tree sets big crops of large, dark red fruit with deep-red, partially edible sweet-tart seeds. Can be grown as a shrub or tree and kept any height by summer pruning. Eat fresh or use in cooking. Excellent source of antioxidants. Requires 150-200 chill hours. Self fruitful.

KASHMIR POMEGRANATE - Medium size pomegranate with light pink-red exterior. Ruby red seeds have intense flavor with no overbearing acidic taste. Tree has a slightly spreading growth habit and can also be grown as a shrub. Keep any height with summer pruning. Excellent source of antioxidants- eat fresh or use in cooking. Requires 150-200 chill hours. Self fruitful.

PINK SATIN POMEGRANATE - Medium to large size, bright red fruit with small, light-pink edible seeds. Light-colored juice is non-staining, with a sweet, fruit-punch flavor. Tree is vigorous and can also be grown as a shrub. Eat fresh, juice or use in salads. Excellent source of antioxidants. Chill requirement 150-200 hours. Self fruitful.

RED SILK POMEGRANATE - Medium to large size fruit with a pinkish-red exterior. Firm yet edible seeds have a sweet berry flavor and a great acid/sugar balance. Naturally semi-dwarf tree has a slightly-spreading grown habit and sets large crops. Grow as a tree or shrub and keep any height by summer pruning. Excellent source of antioxidants. Eat fresh or use in cooking. 150-200 hours Self fruitful

SHARP VELVET POMEGRANATE - Large sized pomegranate with a very appealing, unique refreshing flavor. Fruit has a dark red exterior and dark seeds, the color of crushed-red velvet. Upright growing tree sets huge crops of highly ornamental fruit and can be kept any height with summer pruning. Eat fresh or use in cooking. An excellent source of antioxidants. Requires 150-200 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

SWEET POMEGRANATE - Sweeter fruit than Wonderful, more widely adapted. Small, glossy-leafed, ornamental tree with showy orange-red blossoms in late spring. Very suitable to espalier and container growing. Harvest late summer. Unsplit rip fruit stores in cool, dry place for two months or more. Very low chilling requirement, about 100 hours. Self-fruitful.

WONDERFUL POMEGRANATE - Large, purple-red fruit with delicious, tangy flavor. Best quality in hot inland climate. Gaudy red-orange bloom, ornamental foliage. Long-lived, any soil. 150 hours. Self-fruitful.



ALL IN ONE ALMOND - No.1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft-shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required to ripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter & frost hardy. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 4304. (Zaiger)

NEPLUS ALMOND - Large soft-shelled nut. Long, broad, flat kernel. Spreading tree. Satisfactory pollenizer for Nonpareil in Northern California. 250 hours. Pollenizer required.

NONPAREIL ALMOND - No. 1 commercial almond, the standard of quality. Interfruitful with Price, Mission, All-In-One, Carmel. (Neplus in Northern California only.) 400 hours. Pollenizer required.

COLOSSAL CHESTNUT - Thought to be a hybrid of Asian and European chestnuts. High quality medium to large size nuts fall easily from hull, are easy to peel. Large, long-lived, spreading tree. 4-500 hours. Pollinated by Nevada or Colossal seedling.

NEVADA CHESTNUT - Pollenizer for Colossal - also a good producer. One Nevada can pollinate 8-10 Colossal trees. Not tolerant of alkaline soil. 4-500 hours. Pollinated by Colossal.

KERMAN FEMALE PISTACHIO - Long hot summers required to ripen. Plant from containers only, do not disturb rootball when handling. Very slow growing to 20-30 ft. Drought-resistant. 800 hours. Pollenized by Peters.

PETERS MALE PISTACHIO - Pollenizer for Kerman. Does not bear fruit. One Peters pollinates up to eleven females. Plant from containers only. Drought-resistant once established. 800 hours.

CHANDLER WALNUT - Developed by U.C. Davis. Heavy bearing (bears on lateral buds, not just terminals like Hartley). High quality light-colored nuts. Smaller tree than Hartley, good choice for backyard walnut. Fall harvest. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.

HARTLEY WALNUT - Long-time no. 1 walnut in California for its quality and dependability. Large, thin-shelled, well sealed nut. Light-colored flavorful kernel. 700 hours. Self-fruitful. (Rootstock: NCB walnut.)

LIVERMORE RED WALNUT - The unique red kernal of Livermore Red has attracted quite a following among Farmers Market growers and specialty stores. The growth characteristics are similar to Chandler. The U.C. davis introduction is self-fertile and requires 700 chill hours.